Trade rules are critical to maintaining the three essential pillars of supply management: producer pricing, production discipline, and import controls. In order to ensure a stable market for all stakeholders in the Canadian chicken supply chain and grow an adequate volume to satisfy Canada’s market requirements, volumes of imported products must be predictable.
Import controls, one of the three pillars of supply management, continues to be challenged from several different practices:
Our interest in international trade is a balanced one. We support Canada’s balanced trade position that seeks out market access gains for Canadian exporters while preserving the integrity of Canada’s supply management system.
It is of paramount importance that the federal government allows chicken supply management to be pursued in all bilateral, regional or multilateral trade agreements. Whether under the WTO or the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), we stand by the market access that we provide as the world’s 17th largest importer of chicken. Canada has an open market in chicken, importing more than 6 of the other 11 TPP members (Australia, Brunei, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, and the U.S.) combined.
Canadians on the whole prefer white meat, while exports tend to be of dark meat. This leads to Canada being a net chicken importer. In 2015, 214 million kg of chicken was exported and 176 million kg imported.
International trade continues to be a sensitive issue and we work collaboratively with our national and provincial poultry, dairy and egg colleagues to monitor all these initiatives closely.